Rocket Launch Night Photography Atlas V lifts off from Kennedy Space Center viewed from Canaveral National Seashore
“Liftoff! Atlas V rocket breaks free of Florida’s space and nature coast on its way to planet Jupiter. Mission: Look to the asteroid belt for clues to the origins of the solar system.

The night was dark and clear.  The time: 5:10am—T-minus 20 minutes until the launch of a powerful Atlas V rocket. The place: Canaveral Seashore 24 miles north of Kennedy Space Center.  

I placed our two tripods and cameras on the dune crossover and pointed them south. Framing the target was easy. The Palmetto covered sand dunes pointed directly to a soft glow of light beyond the horizon—Launch Pad for the Atlas 5 rocket carrying the LUCY mission to the asteroids of planet Jupiter.  

We could hear the loud crashing of ocean waves, but could not see them. On this remote Florida barrier island, we were far from artificial light.  The stars blazed vividly from the Mosquito Lagoon in the west to the dark Atlantic Ocean horizon to the east.  We were

out in the wild, perched on a boardwalk straddling the dune of the largest undeveloped beach on Florida’s Atlantic Coast—where the night belongs to swaying Sea Oats, Sea Grapes, foraging Racoons, Wild Boars and nesting Sea Turtles. 

Canaveral National Seashore at Night showing the winter Milky Way and the glow of Kennedy Space Center
The key to Long Exposure Night Photography is arriving early to focus precisely on the stars. The bright glow is Cape Canaveral 24 miles away at the moment of launch.

T-minus 15 minutes: A few other spectators arrived, and set up on the boardwalk beside us. My wife answered their questions, while I went to work.

Using the live view screen on the camera backs, I focused until the stars appeared pin-sharp. 

(The trick to this technique is to pre-set your focus to Infinity back in the car. Wearing a head lamp to avoid fumbling in the dark is essential.  Dial the ISO to the max to around 10,000 to easily locate a bright star on the live view screen, zoom in all the way, then focus until the stars cease to be round balls and shrink down to become points of light)

T-Minus 10 minutes: Both cameras were focused.  My wife and I framed the Cape’s glow in the bottom right hand third of the frame. I hoped the rocket would head east over the ocean—and not south and away from us. 

“Camera One” was a Nikon D810 and 17mm to 24mm wide -angle lens for the “Rocket Trail Arc Shot”.  I love long exposure night photography—the camera resolves details the human eye could never see. 

With the shutter on the bulb setting, I would press a remote trigger once to start and once to stop the exposure.  I took a 4 minute test shot of the stars and decided on ISO400 and F11.  I imagined the rocket taking about 4 or 5 minutes before it would vanish from view based upon earlier launches I had photographed from my home 120 miles south in coastal Jupiter Florida. 

The SpaceX Falcon Rocket creates a halo of light as it rises above the Florida coast at night.
Night photography involves trial and error. Here at Jupiter Inlet Florida, I took this image of SPACEX Inspiration with the camera shutter open for 60 seconds. The Falcon rocket created a halo of light during the firing of the second stage. The small zig zag trails behind the second stage are the “reusable booster engines on their way back to the recovery ship.

“Camera Two”, a Nikon Z7II was our back up. I tested 20 second exposures until the stars looked good at F8 and ISO 500.  I put the shutter on a 2-second delay. My wife and fellow adventurer would take a new shot every 20 seconds.

At T-minus 2 minutes, we were ready to go and the excitement was building. 

Long exposure night photography of a rocket launch at Cape Canaveral Florida
A five minute exposure, F11, ISO 400, sky darkened in Lightroom using the “Dehaze” slider.
Star trails show that this is a long exposure photograph.

T-minus 10 seconds: The glow of the Cape suddenly expanded like a super nova. This distant flare of light brightened tenfold to fill the sky.  I pressed the remote shutter.

 The Atlas V climbed into view just above the Palmetto covered dune and the rolling Atlantic surf. Its glowing fire rose silently and within seconds it diminished, eclipsed by a cloud. 

Long rays of light spiked outward from this tiny cloud, the only one in the sky. Then the rocket emerged brighter than before.

Adding to this moment of awe, a shock wave of sound buffeted our ears and nerve endings.

We spontaneously cheered. Even at 24 miles distance, the deep rumble, pops and crackles of the powerful propellant burning engine drowned out the ocean waves. 

The back of Camera Two lit up every 20 seconds with a new image—each a short bright trail of fire wonderfully reflected across the ocean and the wet sands of the beach.  As luck would have it, our framing was right on!

For five spellbinding minutes, we admired the beautiful curve of light draw itself across the black velvet sky.

5-minutes mission clock: The light dimmed, I closed the shutter of camera one and was rewarded with the money shot I envisioned– a modern space rocket lancing over a wild and raw coast! The image was without power lines, buildings, bridges, piers and people! Pure Florida! Future Florida!

Photographer Bob Gibson checks the back of his Nikon camera to view a Cape Canaveral Rocket Launch
Moment of celebration. Checking the playback for results.

The days of research and scouting paid off. I had begun weeks earlier viewing web published images and videos. I’ll save you a lot of time. Go right to the site of rocket and night photography expert, Ben Cooper. http://www.launchphotography.com  His work is in a league by itself.  I also recommend practicing first in the comfort of your home–setting up your camera in a dark room with only a headlamp.  Without this practice, I would have missed this great opportunity for a picture to be proud of. 

Bob Gibson is the founder of Photo Masters Workshops. He hosts long exposure photography workshops in Florida, Alaska and Wyoming.

Aspiring rocket photographers can learn more about launches at the following sites: https://spaceflightnow.com

http://www.ulalaunch.com  https://www.spacex.com/launches/

https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/nasatv/#public

SpaceX Night Rocket Launch seen from South Florida
Trial and Error. On this shot of Inspiration taken earlier in the year from Jupiter, Floria I learned that a 20mm lens was not wide enough to capture the full arc of the rising rocket. It also pays to be sure your camera and tripod are level.

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